Geography of Guntur

Guntur, the largest city in Guntur district, is surrounded by hills in the suburban areas. Krishna river is the main river here along with other channels and tributaries such as Naaguleru, Gundlavagu, Guntur Channel, Golivagu, Guntur Branch Canal,  Dandivagu and Chandravanka. The stream channels and sand bars are testimony to the fact that Krishna river flows through plains in this part, carrying large volumes of sediment during rainy season.

Geography of Guntur

Krishna river enters Guntur district near South-west region of Macherla range in the vicinity of Ganikonda hills. Drainage facilities in Guntur district include the Romperu drainage basin, the Repalle drain, the Tungabhadra drain and the Bhattiprolu drain.

Climate in Guntur

December-February: Dry and cool winter season
March-May: Summer season
June-September: South-West Monsoon season
October and November: Post Monsoon/Retreating monsoon season

The rainy season in June witnesses a spurt of storms and hurricanes. Mostly, the hurricanes occur most likely between months of May and November though there are few spells all around the year too.
The highest rainfall recorded was 386 mm at Sattenapalli on 19th of November, 1879.

Guntur experiences a tropical climate. It is warm throughout the year with May or June recording the maximum temperatures. The winter season commences in October and extends up to February. July has the maximum rains in Guntur.

Average Annual Temperature: 28.50 C
Annual rain fall/precipitation: 905 mm

Areas Around Guntur District

Guntur district comprises of Bay of Bengal (64 kms.) on the South East, Prakasham district on the South, Mahbubnagar district on West and Nalgonda district on North West.

In the year 1970, a part of Guntur district was assimilated into Prakasham district. Krishna river flows swiftly through Guntur district making its Eastern and North Eastern border. It is the Krishna river only which draws a line between Guntur District and Krishna District.

Fast Facts About Guntur

Location: 16.20°N 80.27°E
Elevation: 33 m (108 ft)
Total Area: 11.400 sq. kms.

Hills in Guntur

Nallamalasis (Kurnool district), Venkatayapalem range (composed of slate and quartzite) and Kondavedu hills (composed of granite rock) are hills in and around Guntur district. Other hills include Guttikonda, Mangalagiri and Undavalli hill range.

Mineral Resources in Guntur district

Cement grade limestone (found in Palnadu region), iron ore (in Thumurukota), copper, quartz (used in glass manufacture) and lead minerals are found in Guntur district. It is believed that 'Kohinoor' diamond was found in Kollur. Madugula, Mallavaram and Sarangapalli hills comprise of diamond mines.

Soils in Guntur District

Four types of soils are found around this district which include:
  • Red Gravelly Soils
  • Black Cotton Soils
  • Sandy Alluvial Soils
  • Saline Swampy Soils

The black cotton soil is found in Guntur city. Satenapalli and Macherla (Northern parts) too comprise of black soil.
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